In Nepal, two third of total population depends on agriculture for their subsistence and more than one third of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) comes from the Agriculture sector. Ensuring effective agriculture production across the country has been a serious challenge due to high degree of spatial and temporal climate variability, irrigated and rain fed agriculture systems coupled with farmer’s fragile social and economic fabric and unique mountain practices.
The integrated understanding of historical trends, reliable and timely capture of in season cropping patterns and mechanisms to forecast crop production at different time scales under different climate and management regimes is realised as one of the critical needs. The operational use of satellite based open source information to monitor climate and crop at daily time scales, application of Geographic Information Systems and models for integrated analysis of crop performance, and adoption of cost effective information and communication tools to reach last mile farmers are proven globally as promising approaches to bring significant shifts in agriculture management and improving agriculture livelihoods.
The Mountain Environment Regional Information System (MENRIS) programme of the International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) works on promoting applications of geospatial and Earth observation tools and technologies for mountain development in the HKH. ICIMOD is implementing the SERVIR-Himalaya programme supported by NASA and USAID with an overarching goal to improve environmental management and resilience to climate change.
In this context, ICIMOD and the Ministry of Agricultural Development of Nepal have launched a collaborative initiative to develop an agriculture monitoring system through conjunctive use of geospatial data, science and ground based information. On its completion the system will provide insight to understand the crop production and drought dynamics and will also serve as early warning system to support food security analysis in Nepal.
The overall objective of this three days training workshop is to impart Remote Sensing (RS) knowledge and techniques applicable to crop monitoring and drought early warning.
More specifically the course has the following objectives: