Indus Basin Initiative

The transboundary Indus basin, with an area size of 1.1 million, is spread across Afghanistan, China, India and Pakistan with upper portion resting in the Hindu Kush, Karakorum, and Himalayan ranges. The largest portions of the basin are in Pakistan (52%%) followed by India (33%).  The main river originates at Lake Ngangla Rinco on the Tibetan Plateau. There are 15 tributaries, which includes Ravi, Beas, and Sutlej in India, and Swat, Chitral, Gilgit, Hunza, Shigar, Shyok, Indus, Shingo, Astor, Jhelum and Chenab in Pakistan, and Kabul River drains parts of Afghanistan. 
The basin ranks among the most important in the world in terms of human dependence, supporting about 215 million people, directly or indirectly. The basin is the main source of water for agriculture, energy production, industrial use, and human consumption. This leads to a very high population density in the basin and an approximate water availability of 1,329 m3 per head. 

Upper Indus Basin Network 

Upper Indus Basin (UIB) Network aims to foster coordination researches in climate, cryosphere, water, hazards and vulnerability, and adaptation related issues. 


Building Resilience to climate change


Science applications

The mountain climates of the Indus Basin are influenced by the broad global circulation patterns associated with latitude, position in the continental mass, and proximity to oceans.
The Indus Basin supports a population of about 215 million people, whose livelihoods are directly or indirectly dependent on it.



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